Deliberate choice and unconscious evil. Essay by Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher-theorist. “On the Distinguishing Features of Fascism.”

340619780-Umberto-Eco-on-the-Distinguishing-Features-of-Fascism-docx

Eco reduces the qualities of what he calls “Ur-Fascism, or Eternal Fascism” down to 14 “typical” features. “These features,” writes the novelist and semiotician, “cannot be organized into a system; many of them contradict each other, and are also typical of other kinds of despotism or fanaticism. But it is enough that one of them be present to allow fascism to coagulate around it.”

The cult of tradition. “One has only to look at the syllabus of every fascist movement to find the major traditionalist thinkers. The Nazi gnosis was nourished by traditionalist, syncretistic, occult elements.”

The rejection of modernism. “The Enlightenment, the Age of Reason, is seen as the beginning of modern depravity. In this sense Ur-Fascism can be defined as irrationalism.”

The cult of action for action’s sake. “Action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any previous reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation.”

Disagreement is treason. “The critical spirit makes distinctions, and to distinguish is a sign of modernism. In modern culture the scientific community praises disagreement as a way to improve knowledge.”

Fear of difference. “The first appeal of a fascist or prematurely fascist movement is an appeal against the intruders. Thus Ur-Fascism is racist by definition.”

Appeal to social frustration. “One of the most typical features of the historical fascism was the appeal to a frustrated middle class, a class suffering from an economic crisis or feelings of political humiliation, and frightened by the pressure of lower social groups.”

The obsession with a plot. “The followers must feel besieged. The easiest way to solve the plot is the appeal to xenophobia.”

The enemy is both strong and weak. “By a continuous shifting of rhetorical focus, the enemies are at the same time too strong and too weak.”

Pacifism is trafficking with the enemy. “For Ur-Fascism there is no struggle for life but, rather, life is lived for struggle.”

Contempt for the weak. “Elitism is a typical aspect of any reactionary ideology.”

Everybody is educated to become a hero. “In Ur-Fascist ideology, heroism is the norm. This cult of heroism is strictly linked with the cult of death.”

Machismo and weaponry. “Machismo implies both disdain for women and intolerance and condemnation of nonstandard sexual habits, from chastity to homosexuality.”

Selective populism. “There is in our future a TV or Internet populism, in which the emotional response of a selected group of citizens can be presented and accepted as the Voice of the People.”

Ur-Fascism speaks Newspeak. “All the Nazi or Fascist schoolbooks made use of an impoverished vocabulary, and an elementary syntax, in order to limit the instruments for complex and critical reasoning.”

Accessed at: http://www.openculture.com/2016/11/umberto-eco-makes-a-list-of-the-14-common-features-of-fascism.html

Image may contain: one or more people, sunglasses, smoking, text and closeup

Rabindra (Tagore) dance by Sulagna Ray. Jhoro Jhoro Borishae Bari Dhara, the rains have swept away the boundary between life and death. In Memoriam to grandmother’s passing at the age of 101.

May God bless her and keep her in His hands always.  Celebrating  Kamala Bhattacharya Debi beloved grandmother my mother’s side. Jhoro jhoro borishae bari dhara hai potho bashi, hai gothi hinu, The rainfall will only last until it reaches the shores. Hai gothi hinu hai griho hara. What are those who depend on the starry heaven to guide their journey to do? Phirae bayu, they cry, swiftly return black clouds that carry rain. Shorae phirae bayu, let thunder, lightning and rain sing with one voice again. Dakea karae, who are they calling for in unison? Jononino ashimo pranthorae, they plead for those whose shores are at the end of the world. Rojoni adhara and lightning lost, hai potho bashi hai gothi hinu hai griho hara adhira jomuna thorongo akula bokularae, the restless river Jamuna’s strong waters, thimiro dhokula shogonaei rae dhokularae, Unfortunately, only the timid, afraid to be forgotten, nibiro nirodho gogonae, look up at the empty skies, goro goro goro gorojae, to hear the thunder that carry no  rainfall. Choncholo chapula chamokae, the restless lightning nahi shoshi thara, do not have an answer, having lost their way, what are they who carry misfortune to do now? Hai griho hara, the ones for whom the starry heaven carries only empty clouds.

 

 

Gun laws and the case for direct democracy. In Memoriam to the lives of children sacrificed at the altar of pigs. 2018, 2017, 2016……..

 

Obedient Value is also to be understood as our Law of Value. The Rabbinate, Yerushalayim, Israel.   Direct democracy also called pure democracy, forms of direct participation of citizens in democratic decision making, in contrast to indirect or representative democracy, based on  the sovereignty of the people. This can happen in the form of an assembly democracy or by initiative and referendum with ballot voting, with direct voting on issues instead of for candidates or parties. Sometimes the term is also used for electing representatives in a direct vote as opposed to indirect elections (by voting for an electing body, electoral college, etc.) as well as for recalling elected officeholders. Direct democracy may be understood as a full-scale system of political institutions, but in modern times, it means most often specific decision-making institutions in the broader system  environment of representative democracy. Decision-making theories range from objective rational decision making, which assumes that individuals will make the same decisions given the same information and preferences, to the more subjective logic of appropriateness, which assumes that specific institutional and organizational contexts matter in the decisions that individuals make.

Citizens assembling in an open public space to vote on various issues in Glarus, Switzerland, 2006.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/direct-democracy

Moral decay is THE threat. Imperialism and its discontents.

Disagreements that may have taken place once upon a time are no longer tolerable. There are many factors that lead to this troubling and hateful ideology. These ideologues have built their castles for indemnification as the solution to resolve disputes.  One of these methods includes taking hostages to promote values.  Terrorism in the Europe, America, and Asia point to those who maintain a hold on political power at the expense of moral humanity. The powerful dominate nations resources to provide people who pose as advocates of liberty.  All organizations are invited be they jihadis and advocates of law. Is it any wonder that the palaces of the unholy directorates are protected with surveillance that will make NASA drool. The vox populi common people are subjugated, imprisoned, and persecuted for disobeying.  In the United States the time has come to demand an end to terrorism propagated to destroy lives. The call to action should be “change government or become party to terrorism.” It is time for free speech to possess the liberties associated with it.

They seek him here, they seek him there the damned elusive pimpernel.

They seek him here, they seek him there, Those Frenchies seek him everywhere, Is he in heaven or is he in hell?That damned elusive Pimpernel, He meddles with the French Revolution, Popping in and out each week, Spoiling every lovely execution, La, what cheek! They seek him here, they seek him there Those Frenchies seek him everywhere
If you should see him, please do give a yell! That damned elusive Pimpernel They seek him here, they seek him there Those Frenchies seek him everywhere, Oh, Pimpy, how the Frenchies do implore you Simply to stay home in bed, With all your interference It’s a chore to chop a head! They seek him here, they seek him there, The ladies seek him everywhere! He gives the Frenchies nothing but frustration Sink me! He’s a spoilsport Each and every damned decapitation He cuts short They seek him here, they seek him there Those Frenchies seek him everywhere Is he in heaven or is he in hell? That damned elusive Pimpernel.